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  • 新SAT這么難,不如組團去考ACT?!

    編輯:liumengyuan 來源:北美高中獨家
    發布時間:2016/03/21 3406次瀏覽

    新SAT在美國的首場考試已于3月5日結束了。在中國的首場考試將于5月7日舉行。小編之前推送過關于新舊SAT在題型上的區別、以及美國的兩種大學入學考試新SAT和ACT的區別。

    小編總結了一下過去幾期家長交流會上家長比較關心的問題,發現大部分家長都很熟悉SAT,自己的孩子考的也是SAT。的確,在中國SAT確實比ACT普及度更高。此處再強調一下,SAT跟ACT可以互為替代,申請美國大學時提交任意一個考試成績都可以。

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    College Board (SAT/ACT考試的出題方)總裁David Coleman 在去年放出2016年新SAT考試取代老SAT的消息時,談到了老SAT備受批判的地方:老SAT考察點跟學生高中階段甚至進入大學所學的課程毫無關聯。David 承諾說改革后的新SAT題型會跟學生在高中課堂上學到的知識緊密結合。

    真的是這樣嗎?

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    新SAT首場考試結束后,閱讀部分和數學部分的改革就引起了很大爭議。考過新題的人并沒有覺得考題跟他們的高中知識有更緊密的聯系,反而跟David的承諾相反,關聯度更弱了。而且新SAT似乎更加偏離教育公平的軌道,把低收入家庭的考生、國際考生置于不利境地。下面我們拿新SAT的真題來分析一下。

    數學部分的題型改革對考生不利

    新SAT數學的考察范圍縮小了,卻更有深度,而且College Board 認為更能為學生在大學階段的學習做準備。也就是說,從單純測驗智商的高中幾何、代數題變為下面這樣跟實際生活更貼近的問題:

    圖表統計了9人的身高和他們第一節掌骨長度的分布圖。請回答,下列哪一個選項最準確地表述了這條斜線反映的關系?

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    A. 預測第一節掌骨長度每增加一厘米身高會增加多少

    B. 預測身高每增加一厘米第一節掌骨長度會增加多少

    C. 預測第一節掌骨長度為0的人身高是多少

    D. 預測身高為0的人第一節掌骨長度是多少

    好吧,小編這種征服過GRE的人都已經被繞進去了,看到metacarpal bone第一反應metacarpal什么鬼?(順便說一下答案是A)而College Board 竟然把這類題歸類為簡單檔!小編開始懷疑自己的智商。但想想看,中國考生在考場上遇到這樣的題,先要進行一下語言轉換(有很多人就像小編一樣死在了metacarpal這個詞上)、還要進行讀圖、最后再來個邏輯推理,再加上考試時的緊張情緒,整個人狀態就是這樣的。

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    要是高中時做過類似題型的訓練也就算了,問題是高中數學老師(特指美國高中)不會給學生這樣的讀圖訓練。美國《教育周報》援引了教育家Mark Driscoll 對此的評價:“高中數學老師并沒有多少語言方面的訓練,而新SAT數學部分問題大多很繞口,導致讀懂題目就很困難,更不用說接下來的數學推理了。”

    Mark Driscoll 是負責K-12教育(幼兒園到12年級教育)課程設計與研發的專家,他認為數學部分的改革直接沖擊到現行的數學教學模式。改革后的數學題目更注重考查學生讀圖能力、語言理解能力、實際應用能力。盡管學校在努力迎合新的考試風格,但改變需要時間,吃虧的是參加2016、2017年考試的學生。

    新SAT 對低收入家庭考生不利,無助于教育公平

    為什么這樣說?我們還是拿真題來說事兒,下面這道題也是被College Board歸為簡單檔的。

    一位研究員在一所大學的心理學系隨機抽取的75名本科生。她問了每一位學生這樣的問題:“你平常每天花多少分鐘讀書?”經統計,樣本的平均值是89分鐘,誤差范圍是4.28分鐘。另一位研究員想重復這個實驗并減少誤差范圍。下面哪種做法能減少誤差?

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    A. 隨機選40個心理學系的學生作樣本

    B. 隨機選40個所有專業的學生作樣本

    C. 隨機選300個心理學系的學生作樣本

    D. 隨機選300個所有專業的學生作樣本

    如果學過統計學,上面這個題可能對你來說并不難。但是在美國,高中階段修統計學的學生非常少。考題與高中所學知識再次脫節!Doug Pierce,一位資深SAT輔導老師認為College Board把這樣的題型歸類為“簡單檔”是不合理的。Pierce在大學教過統計學,他說College Board 默認所有考生都知道誤差范圍這個概念。但實際上呢?一些條件不好的公立高中由于師資力量不強、教材不夠與時俱進,根本沒引入統計學這門課。學生更無從得知“誤差范圍跟樣本容量的關系”。這就涉及到新SAT備受批判的另一點:無助于解決教育公平問題。

    別問小編答案是啥,小編又被卡在“誤差范圍”上了~

    新SAT對國際考生不利

    College Board在這次改革中把閱讀部分的詞匯考察項取消了,并且把小論文從必寫改成了可選。不少中國考生聽到這樣的改革立刻擊掌稱慶high起來。畢竟老SAT的詞匯考試一直是中國考生的頭疼項,即便美國考生也吐槽“SAT詞匯一輩子都用不著”。可是看完真題你就笑不出來了。

    請感受下長度可以媲美閱讀理解的題目~~小編整個人都不好了。

    恕小編不能逐字翻譯,這個故事講述的是一個叫Sara的主人公拿著兩張信用卡花錢的故事,涉及到盧比(印度貨幣)和美元兩種貨幣。所以新SAT好像真沒在考慮國際考生的感受誒。在分秒必爭的考場上,估計我們讀完題,人美國學生都出答案了吧。

    既然新SAT這么難,對國際生這么不友好,是不是要去抱ACT大腿了呢?我們先來看看《教育周報》剛發布的ACT、SAT報考人數統計吧。

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    由上圖可以看出,兩個考試的報考人數都是逐年增多(大學申請競爭越來越激烈);而每年ACT的報考人數已經超過了SAT報考人數。

    看來大家真的對SAT頻繁改革累覺不愛了。福布斯網的教育板塊甚至直接總結了“不考新SAT的三大理由”,小編看完后也是無力反駁。

    1、缺少備考資料

    真題、題庫神馬的都沒用。。反正你練的題型跟新SAT的題型不一樣。怎么辦?只能做樣題、向考過的人討教。與其摸石頭過河,還不如去考ACT。

    2、考分缺乏參照

    ACT和老SAT都是考完三周后出分數。但是參加今年三月份和五月份新SAT考試的同學們是沒有成績的。因為College Board 要對這兩場考試的得分情況進行分析,以確定改革是否達到預期目標。沒有分數反饋,考生就無法得知自己哪一部分是薄弱環節需要強化。

    另外,大學對如何解讀新SAT分數也沒有形成參照體系。以前你可能會看到“想申請某某大學SAT至少達到2300+”這樣的指標。但是新SAT的每檔分數段代表學生的哪種能力等級?大學招生官并沒有任何參照。如果考ACT事情就簡單多了,至少招生官知道“好學生”會考多少分。

    3、新SAT跟ACT越來越類似

    新SAT 取消了答錯題倒扣分的規定,小論文也改成選做題。在模式上跟ACT越來越像了。就像College Board 總裁David 所說的,新SAT的考題更貼近高中所學的內容。這本來就是ACT的特色(對高中所學的各科目進行考察)。但新SAT的問題風格大家也看到了,就是繞來繞去把你繞暈~與此相比,ACT直截了當的問法更討喜。

    究竟是去新SAT考場上做第一批吃螃蟹的人、還是去考體系非常成熟的ACT?也許做過真題才知道自己更適合哪種考試。但對于想拿今年的考分來申請大學的學生來說,ACT顯然是更保險的選擇。

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